Learning {{AngularJS}} with Examples–Part 1


Client side programming is becoming the one of the main parts of web applications. Now a days, We are seeing the explosion of JavaScript libraries. And the reason is that some JavaScript libraries got very popular and developers took them hand to hand because of its cool features with almost negligible performance cost, Now in our projects,  count of JavaScript files (plugins and custom files) are increasing rapidly which is making it  unmanageable and unmaintainable. AngularJS provides best of the both the worlds and now a days, it is one of the most talked and used JavaScript framework in web applications. So I have thought to start a series of post on AngularJS. I’ll start from basics and gradually discuss all the features, keeping in mind the.NET Developers.  So let us start learning it. The first questions arises that

What is AngulalJS?

AngularJS is not just another JavaScript library but it provides a framework to write a proper architectured, maintainable and testable client side code. Some of the key points are

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Join me and Learn jQuery, Node.Js and Knockout.js

Hi All,

C# Corner Delhi chapter is hosting next event  on 23rd November at Noida and Become Better JS developer in a day. This time we are discussing various hot Client side libraries jQuery, Node.js and Knockout.js. After all the session, there will be Test which results will be online. This will be a full day event with full hands on exercises etc.

Date and Timing – 23rd November 2013, 10:30 PM to 6:00 PM

Is there any fee – No. It is Absolutely free

Venue –

MCN Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
H-217, Second Floor,
Sector-63, Noida
Landmark: Behind Indian-Oil Petrol Pump
Contact No: +91-9810371053

The agenda of the day will be :

agenda

For more details and registration Click Here

Join and Learn with us.

Thanks,
Brij

JavaScript Day : Presented on Arrays in JavaScript

Hi All,

We had organized again a very successful event at C# Corner Delhi Chapter meet fifth times in a row. This was named as JavaScript Day and attended by more that 120 attendees . The entire day we discussed on Core JavaScript and we’ll cover more topics in coming monthly meet.

I discussed on JavaScript array and covered the following topics.

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How to access the input control’s data at Server side during Client Callback : A useful trick

Client callback is one way to update the webpage without performing the full page postback. It maintains the Client state while updating the Webpage. During Client callback the webpage runs through modifies version of Page Life Cycle.

The LifeCycle of a page in Client Call Back is  as

Page Lifecycle iin Callback

If you want to learn  more about Client Callback, click here.

But the main drawback of  Client Callback, The input data is not posted from Client to Server. Also,  It does not maintain the view state during partial postback as you can see the Page life cycle of Client callbak it is not saved or SaveViewState event is not fired.

Lets see it with an example.

I have created a simple form to collect some information of an person data. And it has a submit button, which initiates a Callback. As

 <table>
 <tr><td><asp:Label id="lblFName" runat="server" Text="First Name" /> </td>
 <td><asp:TextBox ID="tbFName" runat="server"></asp:TextBox></td></tr><tr>
 <td><asp:Label id="lblMName" runat="server" Text="Middile Name" /> </td>
 <td><asp:TextBox ID="tbMName" runat="server"></asp:TextBox></td></tr><tr>
 <td><asp:Label id="lblLName" runat="server" Text="Last Name" /></td><td><asp:TextBox ID="tbLName" runat="server"></asp:TextBox></td></tr><tr>
 <td><asp:Label id="lblAge" runat="server" Text="Age" /></td><td><asp:TextBox ID="tbAge" runat="server"></asp:TextBox></td></tr><tr>
 <td><asp:Label id="lblMailId" runat="server" Text="Email" /></td><td><asp:TextBox ID="tbEMail" runat="server"></asp:TextBox></td></tr><tr>
 <td><asp:Label id="lblSex" runat="server" Text="Sex" /></td><td><asp:TextBox ID="tbSex" runat="server"></asp:TextBox></td></tr><tr>
 <td colspan="2"><input id="btnCallBack" type="button" value="Submit" onclick="InitiateCallBack();"/></td></tr>
</table>

Server side code is as

public partial class Callback : System.Web.UI.Page,ICallbackEventHandler
{
    string result;
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (Page.IsCallback)
            return;
        //Creating a reference of Client side Method, that is called after callback on server
        String cbReference = Page.ClientScript.GetCallbackEventReference(this, "arg",
            "ReceiveServerData", "");

        //Putting the reference in the method that will initiate Callback
        String callbackScript = "function CallServer(arg, context) {" +
            cbReference + "; }";

        //Registering the method
        Page.ClientScript.RegisterClientScriptBlock(this.GetType(),
            "CallServer", callbackScript, true);
    }
    public void RaiseCallbackEvent(String eventArgument)
    {
        string firstName = tbFName.Text;
        //Read other data as well

    }
    public string GetCallbackResult()
    {
        return result;
    }
}

And the client side method is

function InitiateCallBack() {
     //Intiate the callback
     CallServer("",'');
}

// Called after the server side processing is done
function ReceiveServerData(arg, context) {
    //arg: hold the result
    //Updating the UI
    document.getElementById('divCallbacl').innerHTML = arg;
}

After filling this form, I submitted it. Now if you try to access the entered using control’s property, you would not get it.

Let’s dig it more and check the form collection, whether the data is passed from Client to server or not

So as you can see that the data is not passed in form collection

But let’s put the following lines of code in java-script, just before initiating the call for Callback as

 function InitiateCallBack() {
	__theFormPostCollection.length = 0;
        __theFormPostData = "";
        WebForm_InitCallback();

        //Intiate the callback
        CallServer("",'');
}

Now let’s run the code and submit the form as earlier.

Now let’s check the form collection.

What a surprise, we got all the input data in form collection. That’s nice.

Now access the data using control’s property.

and you got it.

Now let’s try to see, what does the extra lines of code does

//This Clear the earlier the old data in form collection.
__theFormPostCollection.length = 0;
//It sets the forms data to empty
__theFormPostData = "";
//This method builds the body of the POST request when the page loads. The body of the page is a string 
//(that is __theFormPostData) filled with the contents 
of the view state and all of the input fields in the form.
WebForm_InitCallback();

But I would suggest to use these line at caution. Use only when you need to collect the update from Page during Callback. If you don’t need to get some data or it is in readonly page, don’t use it it introduce extra overhead to your page and costs at performance point of view.

Hope you  all have enjoyed the post.

Page.ClientScript.RegisterStartupScript is not working : A Solution

This is going to be a very short post but will be useful many developers.

You have registered some JavaScript block from server side. But it’s not working. Actually it’s not getting rendered on Client side when you see the PageSource. But the same code works in different projects/applications/pages. Say you have code like this

           Page.ClientScript.RegisterStartupScript(this.GetType(), "ShowStatus", "javascript:alert('Record is not updated');", true);
 

It is registering one one startup script that will be fired when the page will be loaded.
Say you have used at several time and it was working but now it is failing.  Similarly Page.ClientScript provide many other methods that will also not work.

One of the main reasons is, We start using Ajax on our pages. Ajax requires a ScriptManager to handle all the ajax related (Partial postback) tasks. Ajax requires lots of JavaScript code that is managed by the ScriptManager. And it must be noted on a single page only one instance of ScriptManager is allowed.

So whenever we have an instance of  ScriptManager on our page, we need to register the Script using ScriptManager. So you need to change the code like this

            ScriptManager.RegisterStartupScript(this, this.GetType(), "ShowStatus", "javascript:alert('Record is not updated');", true);

       

Now this code make the script start working. Similarly , we also need to change other Page.ClientScript methods to appropriate ScriptManager method.

Cheers,

Brij

Validating partial page with ASP.NET Validators using JavaScript

Validation plays a key role whenever we take a inputs from the user. For this, ASP.NET provides us few validator controls that are used a lot in web applications.
Now a days, in our application, we used to have several section in our web pages.
And also, we populate some data based on the user’s input.
So several times, it requires  to validate the page partially not the entire page,
while earlier we used to have single submit button and their we need to validate the page.

AJAX also played a key role, for partial post back, initiate a call to server etc, which requires to validate a part of the page.

So in these scenarios our earlier approach of validation would not work.
In this kind of scenario, I will discuss few things that will be very helpful.

First, I would suggest, to divide your page in some logical section, those you might need to validate at certain points. And assign a different group name to the validators on those section.

1) If you are initiating an ajax call or initiating a callback from java-script, and you want to validate certain section/part of the page.

So before initiating the ajax call, you need to validate the user inputs. This can be easily with the following method.

You need to call Page_ClientValidate() method, this method has two flavors,
– Page_ClientValidate() it fires all the validators on the page and returns false, if it fails
– Page_ClientValidate(‘groupname’), this method fires all the validators having the passed groupname and returns false if any validator fails.
This is quite useful, while validating partial section/part of the page. So your java script code may look like this

function SaveAddress()
{
	if(Page_ClientValidate('groupname') == false)
		return false;
	else
	{
		//Save Address
	}
}

2) Several time, it happens, that based on some requirement, we used to hide some section of input form or hide some input control, but whenever page/section is going to be submitted, the hidden validators also gets fired. So to overcome this problem, you may need to disable the validators. So to disable any validator from javascript as

document.getElementById('ValidatorClientId').enabled=false;

So these validator wont be fired till you gain enable it. You can enable it as

document.getElementById('ValidatorClientId').enabled=true;

Hope you all will like this post and will found it to be useful.