HTML5 : Set multiple audio/video files dynamically and run one by one

One of my blog Reader was working on HTML5 audio controls. He asked me a question How can he play multiple audio files one by one. And his requirement was to set the audio files dynamically. So I thought of sharing the solution here. You can customize based on your requirement.

So what I have done. I created an audio control as

 <audio id="ctrlaudio" controls="controls" runat="server">
                Your browser does not support the audio tag.
 </audio>

As you can see an Audio control and made it as runat server, So that I can set some values from code behind. I have also created a hidden variable to set the comma separated name of songs that I want to run one by one. In my code behind I am setting a source for this audio control. My code behind as

string innerHTML =
            "<source src='song1.mp3'></source>";
        ctrlaudio.InnerHtml = innerHTML;
        hdnSongNames.Value = "song1.mp3" + "," + "song2.mp3";

So the whole logic is written in JavaScript and I have used jQuery as well. The logic is something like, First get the list of song names using hidden variable that I require to run one by one . Then I attached an event ended to the audio control. This event is fired when the current playing song is ended. And when one song ended and other next song starts playing. Let’s see the code

 $(function () {
            //Find the audio control on the page
            var audio = document.getElementById('ctrlaudio');
            //songNames holds the comma separated name of songs
            var songNames = document.getElementById('hdnSongNames').value;
            var lstsongNames = songNames.split(',');
            var curPlaying = 0;
            // Attaches an event ended and it gets fired when current playing song get ended
            audio.addEventListener('ended', function() {
                var urls = audio.getElementsByTagName('source');
                // Checks whether last song is already run
                if (urls[0].src.indexOf(lstsongNames[lstsongNames.length - 1]) == -1) {
                    //replaces the src of audio song to the next song from the list
                    urls[0].src = urls[0].src.replace(lstsongNames[curPlaying], lstsongNames[++curPlaying]);
                    //Loads the audio song
                    audio.load();
                    //Plays the audio song
                    audio.play();
                    }
            });
        });

As I have made a comment on most lines of the code, I don’t need to explain it again here. One point, I want to make it here that I have done some coding at Code behind you can totally do at Client side only. If you need any details from server, can initiate a Ajax call get the details (here list of songs) .

Also, the video tag also works similar to audio tag. So you can work similarly with video tag also.

So you can use your business logic.

[Update] Some of my blog reader asked about hdnSongNames. Let me make it bit more clear.

In second paragraph I have written “I have also created a hidden variable to set the comma separated name of songs that I want to run one by one.” So this bold hidden variable is hdnSongNames and I used an asp.net hidden field with Id hdnSongNames (The aspx part is not shown in the post). This field, I have used to access some server side values at client side. If you see in my second code snippet (which is a server side C# code), I have assigned some song names at code behind and used the same field in my third code JS code snippet to read the song names. Hope it clarifies.
Hope you all have enjoyed this.

Cheers,
Brij

About these ads

8 thoughts on “HTML5 : Set multiple audio/video files dynamically and run one by one

  1. Pingback: The South Asia MVP Blog

  2. Very nice. I’m especially pleased to see you using best practices for hooking up events. I’ve seen too many blog posts go wrong about this.

      • Thanks Brij for your reply. As you rightly suggest, I actually included a wrong version of jQuery in Page. It works fine after editing the code.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s